Weekly Editor’s Review: Office Chair from the manufacturer

The term landscape architecture was invented by Gilbert Laing Meason in 1828, and John Claudius Loudon (1783–1843) was instrumental in the adoption of the term landscape architecture by the modern profession. Both landscape designers and landscape architects practice landscape design. Ian McHarg was known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture.[11][12] He popularized a system of analyzing the layers of a site in order to compile a complete understanding of the qualitative attributes of a place. Thomas Church was a mid-century landscape architect significant in the profession. Though landscape engineering embodies all elements of traditional engineering (planning, investigation, design, construction, operation, assessment, research, management, and training), it is focused on three main areas.

Aquascape hobbyists trade plants, conduct contests, and share photographs and information via the Internet.[3][4][5] The United States-based Aquatic Gardeners Association has about 1,200 members. It differs from, but embraces traditional reclamation. Ian McHarg was known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture.[11][12] He popularized a system of analyzing the layers of a site in order to compile a complete understanding of the qualitative attributes of a place.

It can also be described as green engineering, but the design professionals best known for landscape engineering are landscape architects. Landscape performance assessment is critical to both of these, and is also important for estimating liability and levels of financial assurance. Ian McHarg was known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture.[11][12] He popularized a system of analyzing the layers of a site in order to compile a complete understanding of the qualitative attributes of a place. Thomas Church was a mid-century landscape architect significant in the profession. Landscape designers often collaborate with related disciplines such as architecture and geography, soils and civil engineering, surveying, landscape contracting, botany, and artisan specialties. Design project focus can tend towards: in landscape design – artistic composition and artisanship, horticultural finesse and expertise, and a detailed site involvement emphasis from concepts through construction; whereas in landscape architecture – focus of urban planning, city and regional parks, civic and corporate landscapes, large scale interdisciplinary projects, and delegation to contractors after completing designs. Landscape engineering builds on the engineering strengths of declaring goals, determining initial conditions, iteratively designing, predicting performance based on knowledge of the design, monitoring performance, and adjusting designs to meet the declared goals. Among these were Central Park in New York City, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York and Boston's Emerald Necklace park system. It differs from, but embraces traditional reclamation.